Region: Tuscany (Italy)
The increasing separation, within urban areas, between residential area and employment opportunities, has increased the amount of commuters’ flows between municipalities and the case of Florence is emblematic in this respect (see figures below). The increase of inflows to the regional capital, in particular using private car modality, involves costs for the community resident in terms of congestion, pollution and traffic accidents.
The incidence of the use of public transport (that represents the most ecological choice) is 42% of the overall domestic travels in Florence, compared with 19% of inflows from neighboring municipalities, 39% by the province and 57% from outside the province.
A recent study of “Tuscan Institute for Economic Planning – IRPET” shows that the movement of people inward and outward of Florence is not only connected to work or study, but it also related to consumption reasons and free time activities. In particular, the 35% of movement, connected to the shopping, are outward the town and the 10% of these are out of province.
The following chart shows also that 80% of movements, independently by the motivation, is made by means of private car.
Tuscany productive system is made of 50,000 Manufacturing firms, responsible of 105 Bln Euros GDP in 2011 (7% of Italy’s GDP) and with an impact on exports of 30 Bln euros in 2011 (30% of GDP – 8% of Italy’s total exports).
The logistics sector is made of over 6,700 logistic firms (approximately 500 multimodal operators), employing more than 38,000 persons
The following images give an insight of how Tuscany is a multimodal logistic platform (with more than 1,500 km rail lines, 20 cargo terminals, North-south high speed/high capacity rail connection and over of 500 km highways)
Nowadays, several pilot/research/applicative experiences are carried-on by Tuscan entities in the last mile logistics such as: the telematics platform data for the management of goods during their last mile (“Urban Electronic Logistics” – developed with the participation of the Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna di Pisa); the project ENCLOSE (ENergy efficiency in City LOgistics Services for small and mid-sized European Historic Towns); the “Luccaport”, the first eco-friendly logistic service agency for economic operators, citizens and visitors of Lucca in order to support the reduction of negative effect of logistic operation on the environment and to promote the development of a smart urban mobility, improving energy saving and environmental advantages.